3 edition of The efficiency of intergovernmental grants found in the catalog.
The efficiency of intergovernmental grants
John Thomas Rowntree
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||ii, 120 leaves|
|Number of Pages||120|
intergovernmental processes, roles and structures are defined and the approaches to and classification of intergovernmental relations; the influence grants-in-aid, the planning and budgetary process and informal communication among officials (Fox and Meyer, ). The design of intergovernmental fiscal transfers has a strong bearing on efficiency and equity of public service provision and accountable local governance. This book provides a comprehensive one-stop window/source of materials to guide practitioners.
In terms of the first issue, many studies have investigated the "flypaper effect" which is the observation that grants have a greater effect on local government spending than a similar increase in community income. In terms of the second issue, two rationales are usually given for the existence of intergovernmental grants: efficiency and equity. Some latest works focus on the use of third-party implementers to achieve policy goals of intergovernmental grants, such as Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program (with Jessica Terman), while others shed lights on county–nonprofit relationships formation stimulated by federal and state financial transfers (with Jayce Farmer).
tional fiscal equalization grants is an essential com-ponent of an efficient (and equitable) fiscal federal system (Boadway and Flatters ). Others assert that there is no place for such transfers (Oakland ). The theoretical literature suggests that the only clear efficiency case for intergovernmental payments is to compensate local. Block grants (United States) Through a block grant program for Medicaid, for example, each state would receive a set amount of money from the federal government. The block grants can be set based on "per capita" or on the needs of the state. Each state has to fill any funding gap if there is a difference between their spending and the amount set by the federal government.
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Intergovernmental Transfers/Grants Design Intergovernmental transfers are the dominant source of revenues for subnational governments in most developing countries. The design of these transfers is of critical importance for efficiency and equity of local service provision and fiscal health of.
The Impact of Intergovernmental Grants on Cost Efficiency: Theory and Evidence from German Municipalities Alexander Kalb, * [email protected] Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) and University of Heidelberg L 7, 1 Mannheim, Germany.
Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) and University of Heidelberg L 7, 1 Mannheim Germany * Cited by: Intergovernmental grants are one of the dominant revenue sources for subnational governments; state and local governments in most of the developing countries and these grants are very important as they play major role in strengthening public sectors and also to improve the efficiency and equity of local service position and fiscal health of.
The design of intergovernmental fiscal transfers has a strong bearing on efficiency and equity of public service provision and accountable local governance. This book provides a comprehensive one-stop window/source of materials to guide practitioners and scholars on design and worldwide practices in intergovernmental fiscal transfers and their implications for efficiency, and equity in public 3/5(2).
Intergovernmental grants are payments from one level of government to another, such as from the federal government to a state government, or from a city to a school district. Intergovernmental grants are widely used in the United States across a range of policy functions and are an important tool for redistribution in a federalist context.
ernmental grants have a real impact on public service delivery due to the large amounts of money. The traditional literature on intergovernmental grants is the so-called first generation of fiscal federalism (FGFF).
According to this perspective, intergovernmental grants can be used to enhance efficiency. Intergovernmental Grants and Policy Experimentation Similarly, intergovernmental grant can be a policy tool to provide the incentives for local governments to experiment with policy.
In this case, a policy is a single action taken by the local government to resolve an issue of. Dependence on intergovernmental transfers has been increasing over time (seeTable 3). Currently transfers account for approximately 80–90 per cent of all local government spending (Fjeldstad et.
Federal grants to states and localities comprised 17 per cent of all federal spending inand 33 per cent of state general revenues. The share of funds that ultimately go to individuals, mainly for healthcare, has increased, while the share for capital expenditures has diminished sharply. Unlike most federalist countries, the US does not use untied grants for fiscal equalization.
intergovernmental transfers support many different types of public expenditures by recipient governments, intergovernmental flows in the US fiscal system display a surprising degree of stability and persistence over time.
As discussed in Section 3, however, intergovernmental transfers are only one element in the entire system of. The Practice of Intergovernmental Equalization Grants. Extant systems of intergovernmental equalization grants generally employ complex formulas to estimate need (based on assumed unit costs and estimated adjustment factors for socio-demographic influence) and sometimes also adjust for assumed revenue capacity (often based on average taxation.
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Weatherization Assistance Program reduces energy costs for low-income households by increasing the energy efficiency of their homes, while ensuring their health and safety. The program supports 8, jobs and provides weatherization services to approximat homes every year using DOE funds.
In addition, some grants use the broad federal tax base to redistribute resources among communities and individuals, and certain intergovernmental grants can help stabilize the economy. In some cases, federal policymakers turn to intergovernmental grants to encourage state and local governments to adopt federal policy priorities.
CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Preliminary version, please do not cite without permission. In this paper we use a simple bureaucracy model of fiscal illusion to analyze the impact of intergovernmental grants on cost efficiency of local jurisdictions.
We find that a higher degree of redistribution within a system of fiscal equalization or an. PART III INTERGOVERNMENTAL TRANSFERS IN EVOLVING FEDERATIONS 11 Intergovernmental fiscal transfers and performance grants in Brazil Deborah L. Wetzel and Lorena Viñuela 12 Intergovernmental fiscal transfer system in Argentina: historical evolution, current performance and reform options to promote efficiency, equity and transparency Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs Office The Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs Office (WIPO) collaborates with state and local governments, Indian tribes, and overseas U.S.
territories to leverage resources to achieve near-term and measurable reductions in overall energy use, improvements in energy efficiency, growth in. Matz Dahlberg & Eva Mörk & Jørn Rattsø & Hanna Ågren, "Using a discontinuous grant rule to identify the effect of grants on local taxes and spending," Working PapersUniversity of Kentucky, Institute for Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations.
Dahlberg, Matz & Mörk, Eva & Rattso, Jorn & Ågren, Hanna, The global financial and economic crisis had a marked impact on public finances and intergovernmental relations around the world.
In particular, in many countries post-crisis counter-cyclical efforts included sharp increases in public investment that were carried out predominantly at the subnational level and financed by the centre through grants and transfers (OECD ).
The first chapter of the book presents trends in intergovernmental grant data over the past 50 years. This data feeds into the second chapter, which examines both the rationale behind the trend of converting categorical grants into block grants.
CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): In this paper we use a simple bureaucracy model of fiscal illusion to analyse the impact of intergovernmental grants on the cost efficiency of local jurisdictions.
We find that a higher degree of redistribution within a system of fiscal equalisation or an increase in the amount of grants received by a local.
This document examines the design and adminstration of intergovernmental transfers in recent decentralized governments. Even in decentralized systems, central government structures have permanent objectives relative to the efficiency and equity .Downloadable!
In this paper we use a simple bureaucracy model of fiscal illusion to analyze the impact of intergovernmental grants on the cost efficiency of local jurisdictions.
We find that a higher degree of redistribution within a system of fiscal equalization or an increase in the amount of grants received by a local jurisdiction leads to an extension of organizational slack or X.Although much of the state and local literature regarding grants is focused on federal aid to state and local governments, much of the action in grants policy and practice is that of state-to-local transfers, which are larger in absolute as well as relative magnitude than federal aid.
Moreover, for those who want to know what lessons, if any, the United States has to offer to developing and.